Psychosocial Intervention Psychosocial Intervention
Psychosocial Intervention 24 (2015) 147-54 - Vol. 24 No.3 DOI: 10.1016/j.psi.2015.07.007
Applying affiliation social network analysis to understand interfaith groups
Aplicación del análisis de redes sociales de afiliación para comprender los grupos interreligiosos
Nathan R. Todda,, , Jaclyn D. Houstonb, Rachael L. Suffrinb
a University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
b DePaul University, USA
Received 01 June 2015, Accepted 24 July 2015
Abstract

This study applies affiliation social network analysis to understand how interfaith groups provide resources to other community groups and link interfaith group members to resources for local community change. Based on a sample of 88 interfaith groups from across the U.S., affiliation social network analysis pictures show distinct patterns in how interfaith groups share resources with community groups and link members to community resources. Overall, results show how interfaith groups may be empowering community settings that provide resources and link members to other resources in the interest of community change. These findings imply that interfaith groups may be part of the social fabric within communities that hold potential to be partners and contributors of resources to promote community change efforts. Limitations and directions for future research also are discussed.

Keywords
  • Interfaith groups
  • Affiliation social network analysis
  • Bridging social capital
  • Social networks
Resumen

Este estudio se basa en el análisis de redes de afiliación para comprender cómo los grupos interreligiosos proporcionan recursos a otros grupos comunitarios y vinculan a los miembros de los grupos interreligiosos con los recursos de cambio comunitario. Sobre la base de 88 grupos interreligiosos de Estados Unidos, las imágenes del análisis de redes sociales de afiliación muestran diferentes patrones en la manera en que los grupos interreligiosos comparten recursos con los grupos comunitarios y vinculan a sus miembros con los recursos comunitarios. En general, los resultados muestran cómo los grupos interreligiosos pueden empoderar los contextos comunitarios que proporcionan recursos y vinculan a los miembros con otros recursos a favor del cambio comunitario. Los resultados implican que los grupos interreligiosos pueden ser parte del tejido social en comunidad con potencial para ser socios y colaboradores en la promoción del cambio comunitario. También discutimos las limitaciones y las posibilidades de investigación futura.

Keywords
  • Grupos interreligiosos
  • Análisis de redes sociales de afiliación
  • Capital social de intermediación
  • Redes sociales
NOTICE Undefined offset: 1 (includes_ws/librerias/utilidades.php[294])
NOTICE Undefined index: url (includes_ws/librerias/utilidades.php[295])
NOTICE Undefined index: pii (includes_ws/librerias/utilidades.php[310])
References
Alinsky, 1989
S.D. Alinsky
Rules for radicals: A practical primer for realistic radicals
Vintage Books, (1989)
Allen, 2005
N. Allen
A multi-level analysis of community coordinating councils
American Journal of Community Psychology, 35 (2005), pp. 49-63
Allen et al., 2009
N.E. Allen,C.J. Anderson,D. Newman,A. Lehrner,S. Larson,S. Javdani
Coordinating the criminal justice response to intimate partner violence: The effectiveness of councils in producing systems change
National Institute of Justice, (2009)
Bobo, 2003
K. Bobo
Religion-labor partnerships: Alive and growing in the new millennium
Working USA, 6 (2003), pp. 71-83
Borgatti and Everett, 1997
S.P. Borgatti,M.G. Everett
Network analysis of 2-mode data
Social Networks, 19 (1997), pp. 243-269
Borgatti and Halgin, 2011
S.P. Borgatti,D.S. Halgin
Analyzing affiliation networks
The SAGE handbook of social network analysis, pp. 417-433
Brisson, 2009
D. Brisson
Testing the relationship of formal bonding, informal bonding, and formal bridging social capital on key outcomes for families in low-income neighborhoods
Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, 36 (2009), pp. 167-183
Chaves, 2004
M. Chaves
Congregations in America
Harvard University Press, (2004)
Christens and Speer, 2011
B.D. Christens,P.W. Speer
Contextual influences on participation in community organizing: A multilevel longitudinal study
American Journal of Community Psychology, 47 (2011), pp. 253-263 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10464-010-9393-y
Davis et al., 1941
A. Davis,B.B. Gardner,M.R. Gardner
Deep south: A social anthropological study of caste and class
University of Chicago Press, (1941)
Feldman and Moseley, 2003
D.L. Feldman,L. Moseley
Faith-based environmental initiatives in Appalachia: Connecting faith, environment concern and reform
Worldviews: Environment, Culture, Religion, 7 (2003), pp. 227-252
Fulton and Wood, 2012
B. Fulton,R.L. Wood
Interfaith community organizing: Emerging theological and organizational challenges
International Journal of Public Theology, 6 (2012), pp. 398-420
Kaplan et al., 2009
S.A. Kaplan,C. Ruddock,M. Golub,J. Davis,R. Foley Sr.,C. Devia
Stirring up the mud: Using a community-based participatory approach to address health disparities through a faith-based initiative
Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 20 (2009), pp. 1111-1123 http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/hpu.0.0221
Krempel, 2011
L. Krempel
Network visualization
The SAGE handbook of social network analysis, pp. 558-577
Lester and Cannella, 2006
R. Lester,A. Cannella
Interorganizational familiness: How firms use interlocking directorates to build community-level social capital
Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 30 (2006), pp. 755-775
Maton, 2008
K.I. Maton
Empowering community settings: Agents of individual development, community betterment, and positive social change
American Journal of Community Psychology, 41 (2008), pp. 4-21 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10464-007-9148-6
Maton and Brodsky, 2011
K.I. Maton,A.E. Brodsky
Empowering community settings: Theory, research, and action
Empowering settings and voices for social change, pp. 38-64
Maton and Salem, 1995
K.I. Maton,D. Salem
Organizational characteristics of empowering community settings: A multiple case study approach
American Journal of Community Psychology, 23 (1995), pp. 631-656
McCormack, 2013
M.M. McCormack
Interfaith relations in the United States: Toward a multilevel community psychology approach
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 23 (2013), pp. 171-186 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11096-015-0206-0
Mische and Pattison, 2000
A. Mische,P. Pattison
Composing a civic arena: Publics, projects, and social settings
Poetics, 27 (2000), pp. 163-194
Orenstein and Hercules, 2007
B. (Producer) Orenstein,B. (Director) Hercules
The democratic promise: Saul Alinsky and his legacy
Chicago Video Project, (2007)
Patel, 2007
E. Patel
Acts of faith
Beacon Press, (2007)
Perkins et al., 2002
D.D. Perkins,J. Hughey,P.W. Speer
Community psychology perspectives on social capital theory and community development practice
Journal of the Community Development Society, 33 (2002), pp. 34-52
Putnam, 2000
R.D. Putnam
Bowling alone: The collapse and revival of American community
Simon & Schuster Paperbacks, (2000)
Quezada, 2003
T. Quezada
Faith-based organizing for school improvement in the Texas borderlands: A case study of the Texas Alliance School Initiative
School Community Journal, 14 (2003), pp. 7-38
Scott and Carrington, 2011
The SAGE handbook of social network analysis,
Snijders et al., 2013
T.A.B. Snijders,A. Lomi,V.J. Torló
A model for the multiplex dynamics of two-mode and one-mode networks, with an application to employment preference, friendship, and advice
Social Networks, 35 (2013), pp. 265-276 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socnet.2012.05.005
Speer and Hughey, 1995
P.W. Speer,J. Hughey
Community organizing: An ecological route to empowerment and power
American Journal of Community Psychology, 23 (1995), pp. 729-748
Speer et al., 2003
P.W. Speer,M. Ontkush,B. Schmitt,P. Raman,C. Jackson,K.M. Rengert
Praxis – the intentional exercise of power: Community organizing in Camden, New Jersey
Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 13 (2003), pp. 399-408
Todd, 2012
N.R. Todd
Religious networking organizations and social justice: An ethnographic case study
American Journal of Community Psychology, 50 (2012), pp. 229-245 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10464-012-9493-y
Todd and Houston, 2013
N.R. Todd,J.D. Houston
Examining patterns of political, social service, and collaborative involvement of religious congregations: A latent class and transition analysis
American Journal of Community Psychology, 51 (2013), pp. 422-438 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10464-012-9561-3
Todd and Rufa, 2013
N.R. Todd,A.K. Rufa
Social justice and religious participation: A qualitative investigation of Christian perspectives
American Journal of Community Psychology, 51 (2013), pp. 315-331 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10464-012-9552-4
Tseng and Seidman, 2007
V. Tseng,E. Seidman
A systems framework for understanding social settings
American Journal of Community Psychology, 39 (2007), pp. 217-228 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10464-007-9101-8
Wandersman and Florin, 2000
A. Wandersman,P. Florin
Citizen participation and community organizations
Handbook of community psychology, pp. 247-272
Wasserman and Faust, 1994
S. Wasserman,K. Faust
Social network analysis: Methods and applications
Cambridge University Press, (1994)
Wood and Warren, 2002
R.L. Wood,M.R. Warren
A different face of faith-based politics: Social capital and community organizing in the public arena
International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 22 (2002), pp. 6-54
WARNING Invalid argument supplied for foreach() (includes_ws/librerias/html/item.php[1199])
Psychosocial Intervention 24 (2015) 147-54 - Vol. 24 No.3 DOI: 10.1016/j.psi.2015.07.007