Psychosocial Intervention Psychosocial Intervention
Psychosocial Intervention 25 (2016) 55-62 - Vol. 25 No.1 DOI: 10.1016/j.psi.2015.07.003
Asset mapping for an Asian American community: Informal and formal resources for community building
Mapa de activos de una comunidad asiático-americana: recursos formales e informales para la construcción comunitaria
Suzie S. Weng
University of North Florida, Department of Sociology, Anthropology, & Social Work, 1 UNF Drive, Jacksonville, FL 32224, United States
Received 28 June 2015, Accepted 24 July 2015
Abstract

With the growth of the Asian American population in the Southern region of the United States, mainstream and Asian American community must be aware of both informal and formal supports that are available for the population in order to effectively address needs and allocate resources. This community-based project identified informal and mainstream support that is available to an Asian American community using asset mapping. The asset-based community development framework was used in which the capacities of the local people and their associations are recognized to be essential in building a more powerful community, to helping a community be more self-sustaining, and to developing better relationships among entities. This study provides an inventory of community assets that otherwise may have been ignored and thus has the potential to contribute to a better functioning Asian American community in Jacksonville, Florida. 719 assets were identified as available potential resources for members of the Asian American community with a majority as formal resources. Of the informal assets, a majority are organizations. In general, formal resources are centralized, whereas informal resources are more evenly distributed throughout the city. These results can contribute to the establishment of more culturally accessible services and utilization of services.

Keywords
  • Social network analysis
  • Network interventions
  • Social support
Resumen

Con el crecimiento de la población asiático-americana en el sur de Estados Unidos, tanto la sociedad mayoritaria como la propia comunidad asiático-americana deben ser conscientes de los apoyos formales e informales que están disponibles para la población, con el fin de abordar de manera efectiva las necesidades y asignar recursos adecuadamente. Este proyecto comunitario recurrió al mapeo de activos para identificar los apoyos informales y generales que están disponibles para la comunidad asiático-americana. Se utilizó el modelo de desarrollo comunitario basado en activos, en el que las capacidades de la población local y sus asociaciones son fundamentales en la construcción de una comunidad más poderosa, más autosuficiente, al mismo tiempo que facilitan mejores relaciones entre las entidades. Este estudio proporciona un inventario de activos comunitarios que de otro modo serían ignorados, contribuyendo a un mejor funcionamiento de la comunidad asiático-americana en Jacksonville, Florida. Se identificaron 719 activos, como recursos potenciales para dicha población, en su mayoría de carácter formal. De los activos informales, la mayoría son organizaciones. En general, los recursos formales están centralizados mientras que los recursos informales se distribuyen de manera más uniforme en toda la ciudad. Estos resultados pueden contribuir a la creación de servicios culturalmente más accesibles y a la utilización de los mismos.

Keywords
  • Análisis de redes sociales
  • Intervenciones de red
  • Apoyo social
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Acknowledgments

This research was supported in part by a grant from the University of North Florida's Commission on Diversity and Inclusion. This research is also funded in part by the Okura Mental Health Scholarship for Asian and Pacific Islander Social Workers and the Asian and Pacific Islander Social Work Educators Association. The author is thankful for the funders’ support as well as the assistance provided by the Northeast Florida Center of Community Initiatives and Destinie Wood.

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Copyright © 2015. Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos de Madrid
Psychosocial Intervention 25 (2016) 55-62 - Vol. 25 No.1 DOI: 10.1016/j.psi.2015.07.003