Psychosocial Intervention Psychosocial Intervention
Psychosocial Intervention 25 (2016) 111-7 - Vol. 25 No.2 DOI: 10.1016/j.psi.2016.04.001
Evidence in promoting positive parenting through the Program-Guide to Develop Emotional Competences
Evidencias del fomento de la parentalidad positiva mediante el Programa-Guía para el Desarrollo de Competencias Emocionales, Educativas y Parentales
Raquel-Amaya Martínez-Gonzáleza,, , , Beatriz Rodríguez-Ruiza, Lucía Álvarez-Blancoa, Carlos Becedóniz-Vázquezb
a Department of Education Sciences, University of Oviedo, Spain
b Observatory on Childhood and Adolescence, Principality of Asturias, Spain
Received 31 January 2016, Accepted 27 April 2016
Abstract

This study aims at providing evidence of the effectiveness of the Program-Guide to Develop Emotional Competences in promoting positive parenting. Contextual, institutional, methodological and professional issues were taken into account to develop a social innovation experience to support parenting as a preventive measure to family conflicts. The study describes both the contents of the Program-Guide and the methodological and evaluation issues that trained professionals need to consider when delivering the Program-Guide to families in natural contexts. Information was gathered and analyzed from 259 parents with children of ages 1–18 who participated in 26 parent training groups. A pre- and post-test design showed that after finishing the sessions parents perceived themselves more competent as parents according to the five dimensions of parenting competences considered: (1) emotional self-regulation abilities; (2) self-esteem and assertiveness; (3) communication strategies; (4) strategies to solve conflicts and to negotiate; and (5) strategies to establish coherent norms, limits and consequences to promote positive discipline. The study presents a discussion on these results from evidence-based parenting programs, as well as some strengths and limitations of the study, together with some suggestions for further research.

Keywords
  • Evidence-based programs
  • Parenting competences
  • Positive parenting
  • Program-Guide to Develop Emotional, Educational and Parenting Competences
Resumen

Este estudio tiene como objetivo proporcionar evidencias de la eficacia del Programa-Guía para el Desarrollo de Competencias Emocionales, Educativas y Parentales para promover la parentalidad positiva. Se exponen aspectos contextuales, institucionales, metodológicos y profesionales llevados a cabo en una iniciativa de innovación social de apoyo a la parentalidad positiva como medida de prevención de conflictos familiares. Se han analizado datos de 259 familias con hijo/as de entre 1-18 años que han participado en 26 ediciones del Programa-Guía desarrolladas en otros tantos municipios de Asturias (España). A través de un diseño pre-test y post-test con análisis de medidas repetidas utilizando como instrumento de recogida de información la Escala de Competencias Parentales Emocionales y Sociales, se encuentra que tras finalizar el programa los padres y madres incrementan sus competencias parentales en cinco dimensiones de estudio: 1) habilidades de regulación emocional; 2) autoestima y asertividad; 3) habilidades de comunicación; 4) estrategias de resolución de conflictos y de negociación y 5) estrategias para establecer límites, normas y consecuencias coherentes para promover disciplina positiva. Se finaliza con la discusión de resultados sobre programas basados en evidencias, así como con aportaciones y limitaciones del estudio, y con futuras líneas de investigación.

Keywords
  • Programas basados en evidencias
  • Competencias parentales
  • Parentalidad positiva
  • Programa-Guía para el Desarrollo de Competencias Emocionales, Educativas y Parentales
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Acknowledgments

The authors would like to express their gratitude to the professionals, institutions and families who are making possible this social innovation experience in the Principality of Asturias (Spain).

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This study is part to a broader one funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (EDU2012-38074). It has received also financial support from the Government of the Principality of Asturias (Spain).

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Psychosocial Intervention 25 (2016) 111-7 - Vol. 25 No.2 DOI: 10.1016/j.psi.2016.04.001