Psychosocial Intervention Psychosocial Intervention
Psychosocial Intervention 24 (2015) 125-31 - Vol. 24 No.3 DOI: 10.1016/j.psi.2015.09.002
Exploring relationships among organizational capacity, collaboration, and network change
Exploración de las relaciones entre la capacidad organizativa, la colaboración y los cambios en la red
Victoria Faust, , Brian D. Christens, Shannon M.A. Sparks, Amy E. Hilgendorf
University of Wisconsin–Madison, USA
Received 13 July 2015, Accepted 14 September 2015
Abstract

Is the collaborative activity of organizations in a network associated with the capacity of individual organizations? How might the structure of collaborative activity and the location of high capacity organizations in a network be related to the network's overall ability to influence community conditions? This article explores these questions among 23 local organizations providing women and new mothers with health care, advocacy, and other services in a single US city. Changes in the interorganizational network of collaborations are depicted in four time periods spanning 12 years and analyzed over time using both whole network and local network measures. Organizational attributes associated with dimensions of organizational learning and organizational effectiveness are examined in relation to interorganizational network changes over time. Results indicate that more adaptable organizations and those with higher capacity were not necessarily central in the network. Overall, findings suggest that increases in cohesion across a structurally diffuse network, relatively well dispersed high capacity organizations, and strategic relational investments may have influenced the reduction in health disparities for infants and expecting mothers. Although community-level interventions often focus on building a strong, central group of high capacity organizations, these findings suggest a need to also take into account the strategic action of a range of individual organizations, their local networks, and how they may advance change in the broader network over time.

Keywords
  • Interorganizational networks
  • Organizational effectiveness
  • Organizational learning
  • Organizational collaboration
  • Network analysis
Resumen

¿Se asocia la actividad de colaboración de las organizaciones en una red con la capacidad de las organizaciones individuales? ¿Cómo se relaciona la estructura de la actividad de colaboración y la ubicación de organizaciones de alta capacidad en una red con la capacidad global de la red para influir en las condiciones de la comunidad? Este artículo explora dichas cuestiones con 23 organizaciones locales que proporcionan servicios de salud y otras prestaciones a mujeres y madres primerizas en una única ciudad de los Estados Unidos. Los cambios en la red interorganizativa de colaboración se representan en cuatro periodos a lo largo de 12 años y se analizan a lo largo del tiempo utilizando medidas de la red completa y de la red local. Los atributos organizativos asociados con las dimensiones de aprendizaje y efectividad organizacional se examinaron en relación con los cambos en la red interorganizativa a lo largo del tiempo. Los resultados mostraron que las organizaciones más adaptables y aquellas con mayor capacidad no eran necesariamente centrales en la red. En general, los resultados sugieren que el aumento de la cohesión en una red estructuralmente difusa, las organizaciones con altas capacidades relativamente dispersas, y las inversiones relacionales estratégicas pueden haber influido en la reducción de las desigualdades de salud de los bebés y las mujeres embarazadas. Aunque las intervenciones comunitarias con frecuencia se centran en la construcción de un grupo central fuerte de organizaciones con grandes capacidades, estos resultados sugieren la necesidad de tomar también en consideración las acciones estratégicas de una serie de organizaciones individuales y sus redes locales, y cómo pueden promover el cambio en la red más amplia a lo largo del tiempo.

Keywords
  • Rredes interorganizativas
  • Efectividad organizativa
  • Aprendizaje de las organizaciones
  • Colaboración entre organizaciones
  • Análisis de redes
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Specifically in-degree closeness, as network relationships were directed. As closeness does not take into account the strength of a relationship and only its presence or absence, a dichotomized version of network responses were used in the analysis of closeness to represent a relationship of any strength.

Spearman correlations were chosen due to the fact that the data was not normally distributed and therefore required a non-parametric analytic approach.

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Psychosocial Intervention 24 (2015) 125-31 - Vol. 24 No.3 DOI: 10.1016/j.psi.2015.09.002