Psychosocial Intervention Psychosocial Intervention
Psychosocial Intervention 25 (2016) 69-78 - Vol. 25 No.2 DOI: 10.1016/j.psi.2016.03.006
Home and group-based implementation of the “Growing Up Happily in the Family” program in at-risk psychosocial contexts
Implementación de la versión domiciliaria y grupal del programa Crecer Felices en Familia en contextos de riesgo psicosocial
Míriam Álvarez, , Sonia Padilla, M.ª Luisa Máiquez
Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación, Facultad de Psicología, Universidad de La Laguna, Spain
Received 19 January 2016, Accepted 30 March 2016
Abstract

“Growing Up Happily in the Family” is a program to prevent child maltreatment targeted at parents of children aged 0–5 years old in at-risk psychosocial contexts. The program is delivered via either a group-based or a home-visit format. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of various implementation components in the home and group versions on changes in parental attitudes about child development and education. At-risk and non at-risk parents participated in the group-based (196 participants in 26 groups) and home-visit (95 participants) versions of the program delivered through local social services. We analyzed program adherence, adaptations, participant responsiveness, quality of delivery, and implementation barriers as predictors of changes in parental attitudes. The results showed that greater program adherence, better quality of delivery and participant responsiveness, and positive climate predicted changes in parental attitudes in both formats. Therefore, it is important to take into account the quality of the implementation process when testing the effectiveness of early group-based and home-visit interventions in at-risk families.

Keywords
  • Evidence-based parenting program
  • Implementation components
  • Positive parenting
  • Early child maltreatment prevention
Resumen

«Crecer Felices en Familia» es un programa para prevenir el maltrato infantil dirigido a padres y madres con hijos/as de entre 0 y 5 años que se encuentran en contextos de riesgo psicosocial. El programa cuenta con una modalidad grupal y una modalidad domiciliaria. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el impacto de varios componentes de la implementación de la versión grupal y domiciliaria en el cambio de actitudes parentales relacionadas con el desarrollo infantil y la educación. Padres y madres en situación de riesgo y de no riesgo participaron en la modalidad grupal (196 participantes en 26 grupos) y en la modalidad domiciliaria (95 participantes) desarrolladas a través de los servicios sociales. Se analizaron la adherencia al programa, las adaptaciones, la respuesta de los participantes, la calidad del desarrollo y las barreras de la implementación como predictores de los cambios en actitudes parentales. Los resultados mostraron que la adherencia al programa, la calidad del desarrollo, la respuesta de los participantes y el clima positivo predicen cambios en las actitudes parentales en ambas modalidades del programa. Es importante tener en cuenta la calidad del proceso de implementación cuando se evalúa la efectividad de las intervenciones grupales y domiciliarias para las familias en situación de riesgo.

Keywords
  • Programas basados en evidencias
  • Componentes de la implementación
  • Parentalidad positiva
  • Prevención del maltrato infantil
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Acknowledgments

We would like to express our appreciation to all the social agents of the municipalities of the Autonomous Communities of Castile and Leon, Canary Islands, and Catalonia in Spain, as well as the parents who participated in this study. The evaluation of the program was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness and the European Regional Development Fund under the Grant PSI2015-69971-R (MINECO/FEDER).

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Psychosocial Intervention 25 (2016) 69-78 - Vol. 25 No.2 DOI: 10.1016/j.psi.2016.03.006