Psychosocial Intervention Psychosocial Intervention
Psychosocial Intervention 26 (2017) 125-30 - Vol. 26 No.2 DOI: 10.1016/j.psi.2017.05.002
Variables psicosociales y violencia escolar en la adolescencia
Psychosocial variables and overt school violence among adolescents
Samuel Crespo-Ramos, Ana Romero-Abrio, Belén Martínez-Ferrer, , Gonzalo Musitu
Departamento de Educación y Psicología Social, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, España
Received 25 April 2017, Accepted 30 May 2017
Resumen

El objetivo del presente estudio fue analizar la violencia escolar y el ajuste psicosocial —autoestima, soledad y satisfacción con la vida— en función de la participación e implicación comunitarias. La muestra estaba constituida por 565 adolescentes escolarizados de ambos sexos (51% mujeres y 49% varones) con edades comprendidas entre los 11 y 18años (M=14.8; DT=1.75). Se efectuaron análisis multivariados de la varianza y pruebas t. Los resultados mostraron que los adolescentes con una alta implicación en la comunidad tuvieron mayores puntuaciones en autoestima global y social y satisfacción con la vida, y menores en soledad y violencia escolar. Además, los adolescentes con una alta participación en la comunidad obtuvieron mayores puntuaciones en autoestima académica y social y satisfacción con la vida, y menores puntuaciones en soledad. No se observaron diferencias significativas en violencia escolar. Finalmente, se discuten los resultados y sus posibles implicaciones prácticas.

Keywords
  • Implicación comunitaria
  • Participación comunitaria
  • Ajuste psicosocial
  • Violencia escolar
Abstract

The main goal of the present study was to analyze overt school violence and psychosocial adjustment —measured as self-esteem, loneliness, and satisfaction with life— as a function of participation and community involvement. The sample consisted of 565 adolescents of both sexes (51% female and 49% male) aged 11-18 years (M=14.8, SD=1.75). Multivariate analyses of variance and t-tests were performed. The results showed that adolescents with significant involvement in the community scored the highest in global and social self-esteem and satisfaction with life, and the lowest on loneliness and school violence. In addition, adolescents with high levels of participation in the community obtained high scores for academic and social self-esteem and satisfaction with life, and low scores on loneliness. There were no significant differences in school violence. The results and their possible practical implications are discussed.

Keywords
  • Community involvement
  • Community participation
  • Psychosocial adjustment
  • School violence
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Psychosocial Intervention 26 (2017) 125-30 - Vol. 26 No.2 DOI: 10.1016/j.psi.2017.05.002