Psychosocial Intervention Psychosocial Intervention
Psychosocial Intervention 24 (2015) 89-95 - Vol. 24 No.2 DOI: 10.1016/j.psi.2015.06.001
Public child welfare staff knowledge, attitudes, and referral behaviors for an evidence based parenting program
Conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas de derivación a un programa de intervención parental basado en la evidencia en profesionales de un servicio público de protección infantil
Daniel J. Whitaker, , Jessica S. Rogers-Brown, Melissa Cowart-Osborne, Shannon Self-Brown, John R. Lutzker
School of Public Health, Georgia State University, USA
Received 03 June 2015, Accepted 16 June 2015
Abstract

Little is known about how the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of the public child welfare workforce influence implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) as most research has focused on the private workforce. This paper reports on public child welfare staff knowledge, attitudes, and practices in a state implementing the EBP, SafeCare®. A survey of public child welfare staff (N = 222) was conducted to assess knowledge, familiarity, and referral barriers and practices. Knowledge of and familiarity with SafeCare were low, especially among front line staff (case managers). Attitudes toward SafeCare were fairly positive, but somewhat less so than attitudes toward a standard, non-evidenced based parenting program. Case managers were significantly less likely to have made a referral (15%) than other staff (46%). Job tenure had few effects on familiarity, knowledge, attitudes, or referrals. The strongest predictors of having made referrals were familiarity with SafeCare and job position.

Keywords
  • Child maltreatment
  • Implementation
  • Evidence-based programs
  • Dissemination
  • SafeCare
Resumen

Se sabe poco sobre cómo influyen el conocimiento, las actitudes y las conductas de los profesionales del sistema público de protección infantil en la implantación de programas basados en la evidencia (PBE), ya que gran parte de la investigación sobre este tema se ha centrado en el ámbito privado. Este artículo informa acerca de los conocimientos, las actitudes y las prácticas de un equipo público de protección infantil que lleva la implantación en un Estado de EE.UU. de un PBE (SafeCare®). Se aplicó una encuesta a 222 profesionales que trabajaban en protección infantil para evaluar el conocimiento, la familiaridad y las dificultades y prácticas de derivación de casos. El conocimiento y la familiaridad con SafeCare® era bajo, especialmente entre profesionales de primera línea (responsables de casos). Las actitudes hacia SafeCare® eran bastante positivas, pero un poco menos que las actitudes hacia un programa utilizado habitualmente y no basado en la evidencia. Los responsables de casos tenían significativamente menos posibilidades de derivar (15%) que otros profesionales (46%). La antigüedad en el trabajo influye poco en el conocimiento, las actitudes o las derivaciones al programa. Los predictores que más influyeron en el número de derivaciones a SafeCare® fueron la familiaridad con el programa y el tipo de contrato laboral.

Keywords
  • Maltrato infantil
  • Implantación
  • Programas basados en la evidencia
  • Divulgación
  • SafeCare
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Psychosocial Intervention 24 (2015) 89-95 - Vol. 24 No.2 DOI: 10.1016/j.psi.2015.06.001