Psychosocial Intervention Psychosocial Intervention
Psychosocial Intervention 25 (2016) 39-44 - Vol. 25 No.1 DOI: 10.1016/j.psi.2015.09.003
Spanish adaptation of the Participatory Behaviors Scale (PBS)
Adaptación al castellano de la Escala de Comportamiento Participativo (PBS)
Alejandro Magallaresa,, , Cosimo Talòb
a School of Psychology, Social Psychology Department, Spanish Open University (UNED), Madrid, Spain
b Department of History, Society and Human Studies, University of Salento, Lecce, Italy
Received 28 May 2015, Accepted 19 September 2015
Abstract

The aim of this study was to adapt the Participatory Behaviors Scale (PBS) and validate the results for use among the Spanish population. Using snowball sampling methodology, 501 individuals from all areas of Spain were selected to participate in the study. The Participatory Behaviors Scale (PBS) and questionnaires that measure a sense of community, belief in a just world and Machiavellianism were used to analyze the criterion validity of the adapted scale. A confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the items on the questionnaire fit a second-order model with four factors, which corresponded to the four dimensions proposed by the original authors, namely, disengagement, civil participation, formal political participation and activism. Additionally, it has been found that the scale is related to a sense of community, belief in a just world and Machiavellianism. In light of these results, we concluded that the questionnaire is methodologically valid and can be used by the scientific community to measure participatory behavior.

Keywords
  • Participatory Behaviors Scale
  • Sense of community
  • Belief in a just world
  • Machiavellianism
  • Confirmatory factor analysis
Resumen

El objetivo del estudio es adaptar y de obtener evidencias de validación al castellano de la Escala de Comportamiento Participativo (PBS). Los participantes fueron 501 individuos de todo el territorio español obtenidos mediante un muestreo de bola de nieve. La Escala de Comportamiento Participativo (PBS) y los cuestionarios de sentido de la comunidad, creencia en un mundo justo y maquiavelismo fueron utilizados para analizar la validez de criterio. El análisis factorial confirmatorio puso de manifiesto la existencia de un modelo de segundo orden con 4 factores, correspondientes a las 4 dimensiones propuestas por los autores originales del estudio (desvinculación, participación civil, participación política formal y activismo). Además, se halló que la escala se relacionaba con las medidas de sentido de la comunidad, creencia en el mundo justo y maquiavelismo. A la luz de los resultados, se concluye que el cuestionario es metodológicamente valido y que puede ser usado en la comunidad científica para medir comportamiento participativo.

Keywords
  • Escala de Comportamiento Participativo
  • Sentido dela comunidad
  • Creencia en un mundo justo
  • Maquiavelismo
  • Análisis factorial confirmatorio
Psychosocial Intervention 25 (2016) 39-44 - Vol. 25 No.1 DOI: 10.1016/j.psi.2015.09.003