Psychosocial Intervention Psychosocial Intervention
Psychosocial Intervention 26 (2017) 29-37 - Vol. 26 No.1 DOI: 10.1016/j.psi.2016.07.003
Vinculación entre la vulnerabilidad y la exclusión social y las trayectorias delictivas. Un estudio de asociación
The link between vulnerability and social exclusion and criminal trajectories. An association study
Francesc X. Uceda-Mazaa,, , Javier Domínguez Alonsob
a Departamento de Trabajo Social, Institut Interuniversitari de Desenvolupament Local (IIDL), Universitat de València, España
b Departamento de Trabajo Social, Universidad de Alicante, España
Received 21 October 2015, Accepted 19 July 2016

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Resumen

Este estudio tiene por objeto identificar la relación existente entre las trayectorias delictivas y los factores de vulnerabilidad y exclusión social en adolescentes en conflicto con la ley. Para ello se analizan 281 expedientes de adolescentes en conflicto con la ley de la ciudad de València y se generan 3 trayectorias delictivas: inicial, moderada y consolidada, que se asocian a indicadores de vulnerabilidad y exclusión social. Se muestran evidencias empíricas de su relación. Las trayectorias delictivas y los factores de vulnerabilidad y exclusión social se hallan plenamente conectados, entrelazados y superpuestos. La acumulación de factores de vulnerabilidad y exclusión social en adolescentes en conflicto con la ley funciona de forma que a mayor acumulación e intensidad, mayor probabilidad de desarrollar una trayectoria delictiva consolidada. La demostración de su vinculación es fundamental para modificar la intervención psicosocial en estos adolescentes, ya sea antes del inicio de la trayectoria delictiva, como prevención, o posteriormente, para evitar el desarrollo de una trayectoria consolidada.

    Abstract

    The aim of this study is to identify the relationship between criminal trajectories and factors involving vulnerability and social exclusion in adolescents in conflict with the law. To this end we analysed 281 case files of these adolescents in the city of Valencia and produced 3 types of criminal trajectory —initial, moderate and consolidated— associated with vulnerability and social exclusion indicators. Empirical evidence of the relationship is provided. Criminal trajectories and factors involving vulnerability and social exclusion are found to be closely connected, intertwined and overlapping. The accumulation of vulnerability and social exclusion factors in adolescents in conflict with the law works in such a way that the greater the accumulation and intensity, the greater the probability of developing a consolidated criminal trajectory. Demonstrating the link between them is essential in order to modify psychosocial intervention with these adolescents, whether this happens before the start of the criminal trajectory or later so as to prevent it from becoming consolidated.

      Psychosocial Intervention 26 (2017) 29-37 - Vol. 26 No.1 DOI: 10.1016/j.psi.2016.07.003