Psychosocial Intervention Psychosocial Intervention
Psychosocial Intervention 25 (2016) 27-38 - Vol. 25 No.1 DOI: 10.1016/j.psi.2015.10.003
Universal violence and child maltreatment prevention programs for parents: A systematic review
Programas de Educación Parental de Prevención Universal de la Violencia y el Maltrato: Una Revisión Sistemática
Elisa Rachel Pisani Altafim, , Maria Beatriz Martins Linhares
University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, Department of Neurosciences and Behavior, Brazil
Received 28 August 2015, Accepted 24 October 2015
Abstract

The present study aimed to review recent literature on universal violence and child maltreatment prevention programs for parents. The following databases were used: Web of Science, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, PubMed, LILACS, and SciELO. The keywords included the following: (Parenting Program or Parent Training or Parent Intervention) and (Maltreatment or Violence or Violence Prevention). For inclusion in this review, the programs had to be structured, working in groups of parents aiming to improve parenting practices. Twenty-three studies were included, and 16 different types of parenting programs were identified. Ninety-one percent of the studies were conducted in developed countries. All the programs focused on the prevention of violence and maltreatment by promoting positive parenting practices. Only seven studies were randomized controlled trials. All studies that evaluated parenting strategies (n=18), reported after the interventions. The programs also effectively improved child behavior in 90% of the studies that assessed this outcome. In conclusion, parenting educational programs appear to be an important strategy for the universal prevention of violence and maltreatment against children. Future studies should assess the applicability and effectiveness of parenting programs for the prevention of violence against children in developing countries. Further randomized control trials are also required.

Keywords
  • Parent education
  • Parenting programs
  • Violence prevention
  • Child maltreatment
  • Systematic review
Resumen

El presente artículo pretende revisar la literatura actualizada acerca de los programas universales de educación parental de prevención de la violencia y el maltrato contra los niños. Las bases de datos utilizadas fueron Web of Science, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, PubMed, LILACS y SciELO, con las palabras clave: parenting program or parent training or parent intervention and maltreatment or violence or violence prevention. Los programas eran estructurados, trabajando en grupos de padres para mejorar las prácticas educativas. Se incluyeron 23 estudios. La mayoría se llevó a cabo en los países desarrollados (91%). Se identificaron 16 diferentes programas de promoción de las prácticas educativas para prevenir la violencia y el maltrato infantil. Sólo siete estudios eran ensayos controlados aleatorios. Todos los estudios que evaluaron las prácticas educativas demostraron una mejoría después de la intervención (n=18). Los programas demostraron una mejora en el comportamiento de los niños en el 90% de los estudios que evaluaron este resultado. En conclusión, los programas educativos para padres demostraron ser una estrategia importante para la prevención universal de la violencia y el maltrato infantil. Se enfatiza la importancia de la implementación y evaluación de programas de educación parental en los países en desarrollo y más ensayos controlados aleatorios.

Keywords
  • Educación parental
  • Programas de educación de padres
  • Prevención de la violencia
  • Maltrato infantil
  • Revisión sistemática
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Acknowledgement

The Foundation for Support of Research in the State of São Paulo, Brazil (FAPESP; grant #2012/25293-8) for ERP Altafim and the National Council of Science and Technology Development (CNPq) for MBM Linhares.

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Psychosocial Intervention 25 (2016) 27-38 - Vol. 25 No.1 DOI: 10.1016/j.psi.2015.10.003