Psychosocial Intervention Psychosocial Intervention
Psychosocial Intervention 26 (2017) 139-46 - Vol. 26 No.3 DOI: 10.1016/j.psi.2017.02.001
Estrategias de persuasión en grooming online de menores: un análisis cualitativo con agresores en prisión
Persuasion strategies in online grooming of children: A qualitative analysis with sex offenders in prison
Patricia de Santisteban, , Manuel Gámez-Guadix
Departamento de Psicología Biológica y de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, España
Received 24 January 2017, Accepted 20 February 2017
Resumen

El grooming online (proceso en el cual un adulto se gana la confianza de un menor con el objetivo de obtener algún tipo de contacto sexual) es un problema social serio. Actualmente se sabe poco sobre las estrategias específicas que los adultos usan para manipular y persuadir a los menores con el fin de lograr interacciones sexuales con ellos. En este estudio con metodología cualitativa se realizaron entrevistas en profundidad a 12 hombres condenados por grooming online (edades entre 21 y 51 años; M=38, DT=10.32). También se comparó la información obtenida con el análisis de los hechos probados de sus condenas. Los resultados mostraron que las principales estrategias de manipulación utilizadas por los agresores fueron el engaño, la corrupción (p. ej., ofrecer dinero o regalos a los menores a cambio de sexo), la implicación emocional del menor y la agresión. Estas estrategias tratan de involucrar o coaccionar activamente al menor en el proceso abusivo para evitar la revelación. Los programas de prevención podrían beneficiarse enormemente de incorporar los hallazgos empíricos sobre las tácticas y estrategias que los agresores utilizan para manipular y explotar sexualmente a los menores.

Keywords
  • Grooming online
  • Abuso de menores
  • Agresores online
  • Persuasión
  • Vulnerabilidad
Abstract

Online grooming (a process in which an adult gains the trust of a child with a view to making sexual contact of some type) is a serious social problem. Little is currently known about the specific strategies used by adults to manipulate and persuade children to engage in sexual interaction with them. For this study using qualitative methodology we undertook in-depth interviews with 12 men convicted for online grooming (aged between 21 and 51 years; M=38, SD=10.32). The information obtained was compared with an analysis of the proven facts of their convictions. The results show that the principal manipulation strategies used by offenders are deception, corruption (e.g. offering money or gifts to children in return for sex), emotionally engaging the child, and aggression. These strategies attempt to actively involve or coerce the child in the abusive process to prevent disclosure. Prevention programmes could benefit enormously by incorporating empirical findings about the tactics and strategies used by offenders to manipulate and sexually exploit children.

Keywords
  • Online grooming
  • Child abuse
  • Online offenders
  • Persuasion
  • Vulnerability
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Psychosocial Intervention 26 (2017) 139-46 - Vol. 26 No.3 DOI: 10.1016/j.psi.2017.02.001