Psychosocial Intervention Psychosocial Intervention
Psychosocial Intervention 26 (2017) 131-8 - Vol. 26 No.3 DOI: 10.1016/j.psi.2017.02.002
Reacciones sociales ante la revelación de abuso sexual infantil y malestar psicológico en mujeres víctimas
Social reactions to child sex abuse revelation and psychological distress in female victims
Noemí Peredaa,, , Laura Siciliab
a Grup de Recerca en Victimització Infantil i Adolescent (GReVIA), Universitat de Barcelona, España
b Departament de Psicologia Social i Psicologia Quantitativa, Universitat de Barcelona, España
Received 15 December 2016, Accepted 09 February 2017
Resumen

El objetivo de este trabajo es mostrar la relevancia de las reacciones sociales ante la revelación de abuso sexual infantil en el bienestar psicológico de 12 mujeres (M=37 años; DT=10.51), usuarias de un centro español de atención a víctimas. Los resultados muestran relaciones significativas entre las escalas de reacciones sociales relativas a egocentrismo, ayuda e información, distracción, control, tratar diferente y apoyo emocional y la mayoría de síntomas psicopatológicos. Algunas de estas reacciones son confusas, ambivalentes, puesto que son entendidas como bienintencionadas tanto por la persona de apoyo como por la víctima, si bien tienen una importante relación con la presencia de síntomas psicopatológicos. Se subraya la necesidad de continuar con la investigación sobre la influencia de las reacciones sociales en el ajuste psicosocial de las víctimas de experiencias abusivas y de abordar la problemática del abuso sexual infantil desde la prevención y la educación a las familias.

Keywords
  • Abuso sexual infantil
  • Reacciones sociales
  • Apoyo social
  • Víctimas
  • Victimología del desarrollo
Abstract

The aim of this study is to demonstrate the impact of social reactions to child sexual abuse revelation on the psychological wellbeing of 12 women (M=37 years; SD=10.51), attendees of a Spanish victim support centre. The results demonstrate a significant association between the scales of social reaction relative to egocentrism, help and information, distraction, control, treating differently and emotional support, and most psychopathological symptoms. Some of these reactions are confused and ambivalent since they are perceived as well-intentioned by support workers and victims alike, yet are majorly associated with the presence of psychopathological symptoms. This underlines the need to continue research on the influence of social reactions on the psychosocial adjustment of abuse victims and to address the problem of the sexual abuse of children through prevention and education of the family.

Keywords
  • Child sexual abuse
  • Social reactions
  • Social support
  • Victims
  • Developmental victimology
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Agradecimientos

Las autoras agradecen a la Fundación Vicki Bernadet, a sus profesionales y, especialmente, a sus usuarias, su inestimable ayuda y colaboración para la realización de este estudio.

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Psychosocial Intervention 26 (2017) 131-8 - Vol. 26 No.3 DOI: 10.1016/j.psi.2017.02.002