Psychosocial Intervention Psychosocial Intervention
Psychosocial Intervention 26 (2017) 111-6 - Vol. 26 No.2 DOI: 10.1016/j.psi.2016.12.001
¿Dejaría a mi pareja? Influencia de la gravedad de la transgresión, la satisfacción y el compromiso en la toma de decisión
Would I leave my partner? Influence of severity of the transgression, satisfaction and commitment on the decision making
Marta Garrido-Macías, , Inmaculada Valor-Segura, Francisca Expósito
Centro de Investigación Mente, Cerebro y Comportamiento (CIMCYC), Departamento de Psicología Social, Facultad de Psicología, Universidad de Granada, España
Received 10 November 2016, Accepted 15 December 2016
Resumen

Dejar una relación de pareja es una de las decisiones más difíciles que las personas tienen que tomar, en ocasiones, en algún momento de su vida. Esta investigación pretende contribuir a la comprensión del proceso implicado en esta toma de decisión a través de 2 estudios. En el primero participaron 265 personas de población general, examinándose los diferentes tipos de transgresiones (conflictos) que llevarían a las personas a dejar la relación, la gravedad y las diferencias de género en dichas transgresiones. En el segundo estudio (109 participantes de población general) se analiza la influencia de la gravedad de la transgresión, la satisfacción y el compromiso en la probabilidad de dejar la relación a través de la huida. Los resultados del primer estudio mostraron que la infidelidad es la transgresión de mayor gravedad y la mentira, la más leve. Además, las mujeres perciben las transgresiones como más graves que los hombres. En el segundo estudio se comprueba que el compromiso media la relación entre satisfacción y probabilidad de dejar la relación ante una transgresión leve (vs. grave). Los resultados resaltan la relevancia que la gravedad de la transgresión, el compromiso y la satisfacción tienen en la toma de decisión de dejar la relación de pareja o mantenerse en ella.

Keywords
  • Transgresiones
  • Dejar la relación
  • Gravedad
  • Satisfacción
  • Compromiso
Abstract

Leaving a relationship is one of the most difficult decisions that people have to make at some point in their life. This research aims to contribute to understanding the process involved in this decision by analyzing 2 studies. The first one included 265 participants from general population and the principal aim was to examine different types of transgressions (conflicts) that would lead people to leave a relationship, as well as severity and gender differences in this transgressions. The second one (90 participants from general population) analyzed the influence of the severity of the transgression, the satisfaction and commitment in the probability of leaving the relationship. Results from the first study showed that infidelity is the most serious transgression and lying the least serious one. Moreover, women perceive the transgressions as more severe than men. The second study proved that commitment mediated the connection between satisfaction and probability to leave the relationship only in the less serious transgression. Results highlight the relevance that severity of the transgression, commitment and satisfaction have in the decision to leave a relationship or to stay in it.

Keywords
  • Transgressions
  • Leaving a relationship
  • Severity
  • Satisfaction
  • Commitment
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Psychosocial Intervention 26 (2017) 111-6 - Vol. 26 No.2 DOI: 10.1016/j.psi.2016.12.001